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                       JPNIC Translated Document

Source document: JPNIC REPORT 9
Date of the source: May 1994
Date of the last update of this translation: July 14, 1995

This is a translation of a JPNIC document. JPNIC provides this
translation for convenience of those who can not read Japanese. But it
may contain mis-translations, and is by no means official. One should
consult the source document written in Japanese for detail.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                          JPNIC WHOIS service

Retrievable Information via WHOIS Service

  JPNIC (Japan Network Information Center)is assigning JP domain names
  ending with ".JP" and IP addresses used in Japan. And JPNIC collects
  and opens network information obtained through the assignment. This
  information is called "JPNIC database".

  You can use JPNIC database to obtain information needed for your
  network operations such as; I would like to look into the organization
  that has "XXX" IP address. I need to confirm the domain name of
  "ABC University". You can also use it daily network managements like
  the matter that, "E-mails addressed to "XXX Company" could not be sent
  and I got the error message. I would like to contact technical contacts
  in the "XXX Company"..."

  Currently Seven types of information are being maintained in the
  JPNIC database as follows:
  (Inside of parentheses indicates the type of whois command.)

1.Domain Information (DOM)
  Contains information on: the name of the organization, postal address,
  the name of the administrative contact/technical contact, DNS information,
  and the IP address of a particular domain.

2.Network Information (NET)
  Contains information on: the name of the organization, postal address,
  the name of the administrative contact/technical contact, and DNS
  information of a particular assigned IP address.

3.Personal Information (PERSON)
  Contains information on: the E-mail address, home address, phone
  number, fax number of a administrative contact/technical contact.

4.Host Information (HOST)
  Contains information on: the IP address of the DNS server, technical
  contact, the types of CPU/OS used.

5.Project Information (PROJ)
  Contains information on: the name of administrative contact/technical
  contact, NOCs, domain name, IP address of a network organization.

6.NOC Information (NOC)
  Contains information on: the name of the technical contact of a NOC,
  the IP networks connected to the NOC.

7.Community Information (COM)
  Contains the community information necessary for operating networks.
  (E-mail address, reference, administrative contact)

  In the 7 types above, from 1 through 4 are the information of
  organizations assigned a domain name and IP address(es) by JPNIC.
  From 5 through 7 are the information necessary for contacting between
  network organizations who belong to the JPNIC. The formats of these
  information are open to public as "JPNIC registration form". If you
  would like to get information about these formats, please send an
  empty E-mail to info@db.nic.ad.jp.


How to use WHOIS

  Organizations participating in Internet via IP connectivity can
  retrieve JPNIC database directly. In that case please execute the
  UNIX "whois" command.

        % whois -h whois.nic.ad.jp KEYWORD

  Please specify the string that needs to be searched in KEYWORD.
  As a retrieval condition you can choose between two forms, with or
  without TYPE information as follows:

  *ex.1: retrieve "nic" from all of information

      whois -h whois.nic.ad.jp nic

  *ex.2: retrieve "nic" from DOM information only

      whois -h whois.nic.ad.jp 'DOM nic'

  If you would like to get a detailed usage of the retrieval conditions,
  please enter "help" as a keyword(Figure 1). On whois commands, the
  keywords need to be described as one queue with characters. So if
  you retrieve with TYPE, it is necessary to be in " ' " (single
  quotation marks). And if you wouldn't like to output them in Japanese,
  add "/e" at the end of the keyword.

  On a machine that doesn't have whois command, execute telnet via
  whois(43/tcp) protocol instead as follows, and then you can retrieve
  equal information.

        %telnet whois.nic.ad.jp 43
        [ ... Message for connectivity ...]
        keyword


Output from WHOIS

  When the retrieval result via JPNIC database with a keyword becomes
  more than two cases, you will get a output like figure 2. In that
  case you retrieve it once more using the information described on
  the right side(such as BOARD). Then you can narrow down the
  information to one.

  Like this, if the retrieval result with a keyword matches only
  single entry, WHOIS generates its full content directly(Figure 3).


Searching by using the E-mail

  If your organization doesn't participate in Internet via IP
  connectivity but can use E-mail, you can retrieve JPNIC database
  via a function of a mail-server JPNIC prepared. If you use it,
  describe in the body of E-mail as follows:

        whois keyword
        end

  And send it to mail-server@nic.ad.jp.

  On a mail-server, if you enter a TYPE information, describe 2 queues
  of characters next to each other (you needn't use single quotation
  marks). The retrieval result of whois will be sended to the sender
  automatically. At that time, please take care not to describe
  anything such as a signature or a request except substances of
  commands on a place of command lines because E-mails sended to
  mail-server@nic.ad.jp are transacted mechanically.

 Use via Gopher Pilot Operation System

  The retrieval of JPNIC database via WHOIS is realized in these two
  ways. And now JPNIC begins pilot operations of Gopher server on
  gopher.nic.ad.jp. In future the menu composition and others may be
  changed, but at present it is seted up to select Japan whois menu
  from WHOIS menu in TOP menu of Gopher server, and then WHOIS
  retrieving JPNIC database can be loaded.


Condition of WHOIS Services' Use

  JPNIC started pilot WHOIS services using nic.ad.jp as the server at
  the beginning. After that, from September 1, 1993 operated it
  abreast with whois.nic.ad.jp, and further from the night on February
  13, 1994 unified it to whois.nic.ad.jp.

  The use conditions of each servers are showed up to table1-2. From
  not only Japan but also overseas it is obtained access frequently,
  so it bears important parts that are indispensable to operate network
  smoothly.


In Conclusion

  JPNIC promotes adjustments of services such as WHOIS to help you
  obtain network informations from any side. If you have any openions
  or suggestions, please make contact with us. And further, about WHOIS
  service, tell staff@whois.nic.ad.jp please.

(Masaya Nakayama/University of Tokyo)


--------------
Figure 1: Output from "WHOIS help/e" (September 1, 1993)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
% whois -h whois.nic.ad.jp help/e

[ JPNIC database provides information on network administration. Its use is  ]
[ restricted to network administration purposes. For further information, use]
[ 'whois -h whois.nic.ad.jp help'. To suppress Japanese output, add '/e' at  ]
[ the end of command, e.g. 'whois -h whois.nic.ad.jp xxx/e'.                 ]

                        <jpnic whois help>
                                                        Sep. 1, 1993
                                                        staff@whois.nic.ad.jp

1. JPNIC WHOIS database includes the following type of infomation in Japan:

        TYPE            Descritopn
        ----------------------------------------------------------
        DOM             Domain Information (domain names)
        NET             Network Information (network numbers)
        HOST            Host Information (name servers)
        PERSON          Personal Information (contacts)
        PROJ            Project Infomation (network projects)
        NOC             NOC Information (network operation centers)
        COM             Community Information (mailling lists)

2. How to get the information:

        STRING          Broad search all over the types
        !STRING         Key search all over the types

To restrict the search to a certain type of information:

        TYPE STRING     TYPE is one of DOM, NET, etc. (see above)

To obtain detail or related information:

        *STRING         Expand the output even when multiple matches
        %STRING         Expand the contact fileds or known sub-domains
        ^STRING         Display what refers to the information

When you don't know exactly:

        STRING...       Partial search starting with STRING
        ...STRING       Partial search ending with STRING

if STRING contains an '@', search only E-Mail fields:

        name@           Find everyone with the name.
        @domain         Find everyone in the domain.
        name@domain     Find everyone with the name in the domain.

3. Use of the information you get from JPNIC WHOIS is limited to
   ONLY for network operations.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Figure 2: Output in the case that the retrieval result becomes
          more than two cases
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
% whois -h whois.nic.ad.jp @nic.ad.jp/e

[ JPNIC database provides information on network administration. Its use is  ]
[ restricted to network administration purposes. For further information, use]
[ 'whois -h whois.nic.ad.jp help'. To suppress Japanese output, add '/e' at  ]
[ the end of command, e.g. 'whois -h whois.nic.ad.jp xxx/e'.                 ]

Kojima, Ikuo                    kojima@nic.ad.jp                       IK001JP
Hirabaru, Masaki                hi@nic.ad.jp                           MH051JP
Nakayama, Masaya                nakayama@nic.ad.jp                     MN010JP
JPNIC BOARD                     board@nic.ad.jp                          BOARD
JPNIC General-meeting           general-meeting@nic.ad.jp      GENERAL-MEETING
JPNIC Committee                 committee@nic.ad.jp            JPNIC-COMMITTEE
JPNIC Office-contacts           office-contacts@nic.ad.jp      OFFICE-CONTACTS

To single out one record, look it up with '!xxx',
where xxx is a key shown on the right hand side.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Figure 3: Output in the case that the retrieval result becomes
          only one case
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
% whois -h whois.nic.ad.jp BOARD

[ JPNIC database provides information on network administration. Its use is  ]
[ restricted to network administration purposes. For further information, use]
[ 'whois -h whois.nic.ad.jp help'. To suppress Japanese output, add '/e' at  ]
[ the end of command, e.g. 'whois -h whois.nic.ad.jp xxx/e'.                 ]

Community Information:
a. [Abbreviation]               BOARD
c. [Community]                  JPNIC BOARD
d. [E-Mail]                     board@nic.ad.jp
e. [General Contact]            secretariat@nic.ad.jp
m. [Administrative Contact]     JM002JP
n. [Member]                     RA001JP
n. [Member]                     SA010JP
n. [Member]                     HI007JP
n. [Member]                     TM058JP
n. [Member]                     NM005JP
n. [Member]                     JM002JP
n. [Member]                     SY001JP
n. [Member]                     KK007JP
n. [Member]                     KH006JP

[Last Update]                   95/05/15 10:59:22 (JST)
                                secretariat@nic.ad.jp

Murai, Jun                      jun@wide.sfc.keio.ac.jp                JM002JP
Aibara, Reiji                   ray@hiroshima-u.ac.jp                  RA001JP
Asano, Shoichiro                asano@nacsis.ac.jp                     SA010JP
Ishida, Haruhisa                ishida@cc.u-tokyo.ac.jp                HI007JP
Matsumoto, Toshifumi            matsumoto@spin.ad.jp                   TM058JP
Maruyama, Naomasa               maruyama@ism.ac.jp                     NM005JP
Yoshimura, Shin                 shin@iij.ad.jp                         SY001JP
Konishi, Kazunori               konish@lab.kdd.co.jp                   KK007JP
Higashida, Koki                 koki@cc.kagu.sut.ac.jp                 KH006J
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Table 1: State of WHOIS server utilization (1)

-Statistic of JPNIC WHOIS utilization (nic.ad.jp)
+----------+------------+---------+--------+--------+
|year/month|frequency of|    JP   |Overseas|  host  |
|          | utilization|         |        |        |
+----------+------------+---------+--------+--------+
|   93/01  |     6,939  |   5,531 |  1,033 |    490 |
|   93/02  |     8,055  |   5,876 |  1,789 |    554 |
|   93/03  |     9,552  |   7,631 |  1,311 |    663 |
|   93/04  |     9,013  |   6,418 |  1,726 |    749 |
|   93/05  |    13,467  |   8,782 |  2,832 |    824 |
|   93/06  |    14,827  |  10,950 |  2,169 |  1,089 |
|   93/07  |    15,683  |  10,890 |  2,726 |  1,114 |
|   93/08  |     9,619  |   6,286 |  1,726 |    832 |
|   93/09  |     8,100  |   7,051 |    592 |    389 |
|   93/10  |     6,395  |   6,051 |     54 |    423 |
|   93/11  |     2,426  |   2,043 |     46 |    283 |
|   93/12  |         -  |       - |      - |      - |
|   94/01  |     4,348  |   4,170 |     13 |    233 |
|   94/02  |     4,023  |   3,559 |     94 |    283 |
|----------+------------+---------+--------+--------|
|   total  |   112,447  |  85,238 | 16,111 |      - |
-----------------------------------------------------
No data during from November 13,1993 18:08 until January 20,1994 15:02

-Statistic of utilization classfied into country in the above term
 (10 countries of high ranking)
+----------+------------+       +----------+------------+
|  domain  |frequency of|       |  domain  |frequency of|
|          | utilization|       |          | utilization|
+----------+------------+       +----------+------------+
|       JP |    85,238  |       |      GOV |       170  |
|      EDU |    12,515  |       |       UK |       158  |
|       CA |     1,148  |       |       FI |       158  |
|      COM |       652  |       |       DE |       138  |
|       AU |       192  |       |       SE |       119  |
+----------+------------+       +----------+------------+

Table 2: State of WHOIS Server utilization (2)

-Statistic of JPNIC WHOIS utilization (whois.nic.ad.jp)
+----------+------------+---------+--------+--------+
|year/month|frequency of|    JP   |Overseas|  host  |
|          | utilization|         |        |        |
+----------+------------+---------+--------+--------+
|   93/09  |      8,446 |   4,295 |  3,562 |  1,068 |
|   93/10  |     12,287 |   6,132 |  5,676 |  1,441 |
|   93/11  |     13,787 |   7,892 |  5,077 |  1,588 |
|   93/12  |     13,662 |   9,342 |  3,545 |  1,371 |
|   94/01  |     18,805 |  13,038 |  5,110 |  1,664 |
|   94/02  |     17,798 |  11,426 |  5,390 |  1,938 |
+----------+------------+---------+--------+--------+
|   total  |     84,785 |  52,125 | 28,360 |    --- |
+----------+------------+---------+--------+--------+

-Statistic of utilization classfied into country in the above term
 (10 countries of high ranking)
+----------+------------+       +----------+------------+
|  domain  |frequency of|       |  domain  |frequency of|
|          | utilization|       |          | utilization|
+----------+------------+       +----------+------------+
|      JP  |    52,125  |       |     GOV  |       276  |
|     EDU  |    23,325  |       |      DE  |       252  |
|      CA  |     1,121  |       |      HK  |       192  |
|     COM  |       909  |       |      AU  |       156  |
|      UK  |       293  |       |     NET  |       155  |
+----------+------------+       +----------+------------+

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