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                       JPNIC Translated Document

Source document: JPNIC REPORT 15
Date of the source: April 1995
Date of the last update of this translation: November 25, 1995

This is a translation of a JPNIC document. JPNIC provides this
translation for convenience of those who can not read Japanese. But it
may contain mis-translations, and is by no means official. One should
consult the source document written in Japanese for detail.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                A report on the 1st APNIC meeting

 The first APNIC (Asia Pacific Network Information Center) meeting was held
from 16/1 to 17/1 at the Churaronkon university located in the capital of
Thailand. The temperature was around 30 degrees Celsius in the daytime, which
is comparable to the summer time in Japan, but it was dry season in
Thailand so that it was rather comfortable. The conference room was
well air-conditioned, so that we had very good environment for our
business. As this was the first time for APNIC to open its meeting
independently, there was anxiety about the number of participants. However,
there were 80 participants from 15 countries as follows.

     Participated Countries (the number of participants)
        Thailand (47)           Japan (7)
        Taiwan   (5)            Hong Kong(4)
        Korea (4)               China (3)
        Singapore(3)            Australia(2)
        Indonesia(2)            India (1)
        Guam (1)                Malaysia (1)
        New Zealand(1)          Philippines(1)
        U.S.A. (1)


  What is APNIC

 APNIC is the NIC of Asia pacific regions. The present international relation
of NIC is given in figure 1. IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) which
is on the top is a committee member of ISOC (Internet Society), and it not
only allocates IP address but also adjusts the allocation of different kinds
of numbers or key-words that are used on the Internet. Next to IANA is the
RIPE NCC (Reseaux IP Europeenne Network Coordination Center) of Europe, APNIC
of Asia Pacific region and InterNIC of North America. InterNIC covers other
areas including South America.

 There are three country NICs under APNIC and they are JPNIC (Japan NIC),
KRNIC (Korea NIC) and AUNIC (Australia NIC). These are the only three NIC
that exist in Asia Pacific region and APNIC performs IP address allocation
to all the other countries.

 For international relation of each organization, please refer to the
3/94 issue titled "International NIC activities".

Figure 1. International relation of NIC

-------------------------------------------------
                        IANA
                       /  |  \
                      /   |   \
                     /    |    \
                    /     |     \
             RIPE NCC   APNIC    InterNIC
            (Europe) (Asia Pacific (North America)
                          region)
                       / | \    \
                      /  |  \    \
                     /   |   \    \
                 AUNIC KRNIC JPNIC Other countries of the
                                   Asia Pacific region
-----------------------------------------------------------

 Activity of the NIC of each country

 During this meeting, the activities of the NIC for each country was explained.

 o Taiwan : At present, the activities are in progress as a pilot project
   of the government and the NSP (Network Service Provider) of Taiwan is
   performing the work as a staff. The status of address allocation and the
   present condition of Gopher service (gopher://gopher.twnic.net/) was
   explained.

 o Singapore : At present, adjustments are in progress among the NSPs
   of Singapore through the Joint Task Force.

 o Japan: The inauguration of JPNIC, the fees system for 1995, status
   of IP address and domain name allocation, pilot project of Geographic
   domain name was reported. Now, JPNIC contributes the maximum of 10%
   of its fund/resources to APNIC.

        A report on the present status of APNIC

 David R. Conrad (APNIC Interim Directorate) gave the report of APNIC
activities. Now, the IP address allocation status is as follows. As of
5/94 there were more than 300 applications and more than 1000 class C
Networks have been allotted to each organization (table 1).

 APNIC is in charge of the address space which corresponds to the number of
class C addresses (202.0.0.0?`203.255.255.255) that is equal to 2 class A
addresses, and out of them 23% has already been allotted.

Table 1. IP address allocation record of APNIC

+-----------------------------------------------------+
|Year Month   No. of application   No. of allotted    |
|               received            Network           |
|1994.5           46                    142           |
|     6           41                     68           |
|     7           33                     67           |
|     8           31                    217           |
|     9           34                     92           |
|    10           33                    105           |
|    11           42                    221           |
|    12           51                    170           |
+-----------------------------------------------------+
| Total          311                  1,082           |
+-----------------------------------------------------+

Note: The allotted block of the three country NIC mentioned earlier is
      not included in this Table.

        Funding Proposal

 At present the APNIC activities are distributed among APNIC-WG which is
a working group of JPNIC, and the working group of the countries like
Korea, Australia etc. The details about the role of each NIC is as follows.

 o JPNIC: IP address allocation
 o KRNIC: Information service (www etc.)
 o AUNIC: Administration of the DNS of APNIC, preparation of IP address
          application form by HTML.

 However, full-time technical staff, accountant and a permanent office is
necessary for the future independent activities of APNIC. This is the same for
the other regional NIC of the world or NIC of each country. For that
introduction of IP address allocation fees, which is not only meant for
JPNIC but also for all the other countries in the world is under
investigation. In case of APNIC too, there were proposal that the user should
bear the necessary fees for IP address allocation.

 But, there are opinions that introduction of fees for IP address in
respect to the countries of Asia Pacific region is still too early, and based
on discussion it was decided that the charges will not be put into practice
for the next six months, but instead of that organizations of each country
should donate a certain amount depending on their own decision. Considering the
result, the matter is to be discussed again during the 2nd meeting which
is to take place after 6 months.

 The following three points were proposed for the administration fund (the
name within the parenthesis represents the name of the organization that
has made the proposal).

 o A donation for two years by the government of Korea (KRNIC)
 o All kinds of fund has to be stored in APNIC through ISOC (JPNIC)
 o Donation from a small number of enterprises (carrier etc.)
   (Hong Kong Supernet)

 A WG for discussing the problem related to fund is to be established and the
discussion is to be continued based on mailing list.

 Problems that has to be investigated in future

 As the discussions related to fund lasted too long, the time for discussing
the future problems was insufficient, and the problems has been listed up.
For example, although the smallest unit of the present IP address allocation
is C * 1, is it necessary to have further subdivision, method for having
standard NIC handle, problems related to the allocation of class B address
and AS number.

 The first APNIC meeting was ended successfully. The future discussions will
be mainly based on electronic mail. It is hoped that during INET95
(2nd meeting) which is to be held in Honolulu, there would be more concrete
discussions.

 There were lot of questions from a number of countries regarding the problem
of fund and the operation of Geographic domain name. JPNIC is going to utilize
these experiences and cooperate for the foundation of Country NICs in other
regions.
                                              (Atsuko Oka, Shigeki Goto: NTT)
            

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