January 20, 1998 JPNIC Steering Committee Use of the JPNIC Database 1. Purpose of JPNIC Database publication JPNIC stores information on domain names, IP addresses, registered organizations and individuals, and technical contacts in its database and publicizes the database through whois and WWW. The database is open to the public so that network administrators can use the data for Internet operations. In case of trouble, for example, network administrators can search the database for contact information or check the attributes of the concerned IP address and domain name to determine the source of the trouble. Having no mechanism for centralized control, the Internet is maintained by network administrators who contact one another for management and operation purposes. Accordingly, maintenance and management of the Internet require the collection and disclosure of allocation information and administrator information of Internet resources. Disclosure of such information is required internationally and is also crucial for the fair assignment of domain names and IP addresses. 2. Request for database update The JPNIC Database is compiled based upon information supplied by registrants, that is, those who applly for domain name registration and IP address assignment. Database information must be updated by the registrants themselves. To update database information, they should make necessary modifications to the data obtained through whois, and then send the modified data to email@example.com. The registrants must promptly update the Database information whenever modifications are made. 3. Prohibition of improper use of the Database Several cases have been reported in which the JPNIC database has been used for improper purposes, such as to obtain direct mailing addresses. JPNIC strictly prohibits the impropriate use of the Database. 4. Issues concerning Database use Based on its disclosure policy, JPNIC does not limit the use of Database items unless special situations call for such a measures. However, as private use of the Internet has expanded an increasing number of individuals now apply for domain name registration and IP address assignment. Under such circumstances, some demand that database access by third parties be restricted in order to protect personal information. There is also a demand for reinforced functions to prevent improper use and alteration of contents of the Database. While disclosing its Database in principle, JPNIC is considering the following measures to respond to changing situations: - Review and clarify rules on Database use. - Study technical and legal restrictions on Database access and methods of usage limitations. - Review disclosed information items. - Study and develop authorization technology for Database registration. JPNIC will make improvements based upon the result of these studies.